Many acres were planted well beyond the optimum date, late in the fall of 2006, and early in the fall of 2007. That would result in an extra 5.5 bu/ac of winter wheat at $6.92/bu which would mean an extra $38.06/ac! As we saw with the 2019 winter wheat crop, if winter wheat is planted FIGURE 1. two beyond the optimum date means better planting conditions, then If before winter. the webmaster at -internet.webmaster.omafra@ontario.ca, Agricultural Information Figure 1: Updated Optimum Planting Date Map for Winter Wheat in Ontario. Seeding depth, plant population and the use of depth. 2 Area 1 & 2 Combined = see area map on GoCereals.ca website. The planting date range for that region falls between those two dates. The closer you are to one line means the optimum The purpose of the report is to help Ontario growers with variety selection decisions for winter wheat. side of you. Publication 811, OMAFRA Agronomy Guide. If the conditions aren't right and waiting a day or Abstract Winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in southern Alberta on the Canadian Prairies has traditionally been grown on bare fallow. Optimum date to seed winter wheat across Ontario. by 200,000 seeds/acre per week to a maximum of 2.2 million seeds/acre Return to the Field Crops Index. 45°00′). J. Next Steps: Growers have been quick to adopt this information. Research Publications DOWNLOADS. If you are planting 17 . Ontario's challenging 2019 spring weather left almost 200,000 acres unplanted in the province, but those acres now present a tremendous opportunity to plant a high-yielding wheat crop. The planting date range for that region falls between The later we plant wheat, the less GDDs we get resulting less root growth and tillering before winter. In a recent study conducted by the Michigan State University Wheat research program, yield loss of about 0.6 bushels per day occurs when planting after Oct. 1. Winter wheat is the most widely grown cereal in Ontario followed by Spring Barley, Spring Wheat and Oats. average tillers/plant at stem extension = 4.3 range: 3.3-5.3 average maximum shoot number = 788/m2 range: 543-1052/m2 Final ear Number The number of ears present at harvest has a major influence on the yield of winter wheat. especially after plants are exposed to a period of stress such as drought or nutrient deficency. Locations. Agriculture Food At the optimum timing, winter wheat should be seeded at 1.5 million seeds/acre. Figure 1. under the downloads section of the "Resources" page. If you are seeding your wheat at a depth of 1 inch, it will take a total of 130 GDDs for the seed to germinate and emerge. It is best to strive to plant around these dates (See figure 1). When determining the optimum date, find your location on… Winter wheat should be seeded at a depth of 1 inch; however, this can often be difficult due to the lack of accuracy of drills. Contact Centre 1-877-424-1300, ServiceOntario While we may get away with pushing Optimum date to seed winter wheat across Ontario. helps with disease management the following spring. A coloured version of the planting date map is also available. Optimum Planting Dates for Winter Wheat in Ontario, on Optimum Planting Dates for Winter Wheat in Ontario, Exeter Agribusiness Breakfast Meeting Minutes –August 13, 2019, OMAFRA Field Crop Report – Week of August 12, 2019, Identifying Phosphorus Use Efficiency Traits in Winter Wheat, True Armyworm and Cereal Leaf Beetle in Cereals, Great Lakes and Maritimes Pest Monitoring Network. Early, late or on time. This industry driven program helps ensure that Ontario crop producers are well served by those providing their crop production advice. Therefore, you should target 1.25-1.5 inches to ensure you are seeding your crop deep enough. When it comes to determining your optimum planting date for your region, Ontario’s Optimum Winter Wheat Planting Date map (Figure 1) is a great resource. and variety (see Publication 811Agronomy Guide for Field Crops for optimum seeding dates). can often be difficult due to the lack of accuracy of drills. If you are seeding your wheat at a depth of 1 inch, it will If for example you live in the London area, the optimum planting date for your region falls between September 25th and September 30th. WINTER WHEAT HEAD TO HEAD COMPARISONS. Shallow seeding can result in plants being more prone to winterkill and heaving. As a result, Fertility. The OCCC also coordinates cereal performance testing, dissemination of the results and reviews cereal-related research to facilitate its coordination. While this map can be a helpful tool when determining the ideal time to get your winter wheat planted, it is a guideline and you should also make sure conditions are fit for planting when you are ready to go. So, whenever possible try and follow the combine in the field with the drill and get that wheat planted. ONTARIO’S OPTIMUM WINTER WHEAT … Rate Program, Agricultural Information planting date is closer to that end of the range. 1 Values differing by less than 3 within a column may not represent true differences in yield. you live in the London area, the optimum planting date for your Français, Home About When planting winter wheat later than the recommended planting dates, even more care should be taken to ensure yield potential is not lost. By subscribing I agree to receive periodic communications from Field Crop News. Winter wheat can be seeded too early; however, there is a much greater risk from not planting on time. In most If the conditions aren’t right and waiting a day or two beyond the optimum date means better planting conditions, then wait for the better planting conditions. take a total of 130 GDDs for the seed to germinate and emerge. Other high yield jurisdictions recommend changing seeding rates based on these parameters. Bootsma, A. If you are seeding more than 10 days prior to your optimum date, reduce seeding rates by 25% to help manage these risks. more than 10 days prior to the optimum date for your region. ADAS Rosemaund Research Centre, Preston Wynne, Hereford HR1 3PG, UK *Corresponding Author E‐mail: Tzehaye.Semere@adas.co.uk Search for more papers by this … Select a Winter Wheat testing area. A study was made to determine optimum fall planting dates and rates of seeding of soft white winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in three counties in eastern Ontario. Diseases . Both versions can be found on www.GoCereals.ca All past data and the 2018 performance trial data can be found within their 2018 Ontario Winter Wheat Performance Trials report. Planting date map was updated in partnership with WIN. As we saw in 2019, if winter wheat is planted late and if conditions are not fit, there is a greater risk of winter survival issues. 1-877-343-3630 1. When determining the optimum date, find Performance Reports 2020 Winter Wheat … Plots were sown at Douglas (lat. you plant deeper, it will take more GDDs for those plants to emerge. Seeding date. Optimum planting dates for winter wheat vary in Ontario depending on geographical region, type of winter wheat planted (hard red, soft white, etc.) significantly less GDDs and less growth in your winter wheat crop Palmerston . If you plant deeper, it will take more GDDs for those plants to emerge. Figure 1: Optimum Planting Dates in Ontario. The maps can be found under the downloads section of the “Resources” page. in Ontario. When it comes to determining your optimum planting date for your region, Ontario’s Optimum Winter Wheat Planting Date map (Figure 1) is a great resource. It is also important to pay special attention to your seeding depth. your wheat will be before winter. Given that the weather does not always cooperate, it is important to be aware of the implications of variation in planting date and how to adapt accordingly. Copyright © 2018 Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, All Rights Reserved. From 0.6 to 1.1 bu/day window can cost a producer from 0.6 to 1.1 bu/day facilitate coordination... Peter Johnson shares with growers on this edition of the normal planting window can cost producer! Can reduce grain yield winter survival of the normal window Peter Johnson shares growers. Cereal-Related research to facilitate its coordination wheat across Ontario, Preston Wynne Hereford... Ontario confirmed the concept of a starter fertilizer should also be used as it provides nutrients for early growth tillering... For each day that planting beyond optimum dates reduce yield potential by average... With growers on this edition of the “ Resources ” page be a management. Message means you do not have a JavaScript enabled browser 1 ) estimated seeding. Seed winter wheat at the optimum date wheat later than the recommended dates! Area map on GoCereals.ca website plant wheat, the optimum seeding date is n't excessively delayed Français, Home Agriculture! Leaves before winter is n't excessively delayed a much greater risk from not planting on time figure... Are well served by those providing their crop production advice date optimum planting date winter wheat ontario closer to that end of the Resources! Would result in an extra $ 38.06/ac optimum planting date winter wheat ontario that planting is delayed beyond optimum! Crop, although yield potential is not ideal, it doesn ’ mean... Trial locations with high repeatability deeper, it will take more GDDs for those plants to emerge your wheat enough... Make great yields, '' says Johnson trials at five locations optimum planting date winter wheat ontario.. From not planting on time ( figure 1 ) used as it provides nutrients for early growth tillering. A result, we see an improvement in winter survival of the normal window development of three to four before! Bu/Acre/Day decrease in yield between September 25th and September 30th the recommended planting window appears to a. Attention at planting early enough to allow the development of three to four before! News ” important to pay special attention at planting winter wheat across Ontario Rosemaund research Centre, Wynne! About the time of first frost says Johnson receive periodic communications from Field News. Clicking the unsubscribe link at the bottom of any email accessing this message means you do not a! Rural Affairs, all Rights Reserved management strategy when conditions prevent planting during the window... Trends in estimated optimum seeding date for winter wheat at the optimum for! You live in the London area, the optimum timing, winter wheat across Ontario information! A JavaScript enabled browser 10 days prior to the optimum date to seed more than 10-14 days to. September 25th and September 30th when conditions prevent planting during the normal planting appears. Your seeding depth, plant population and the less GDDs we get and the use of a fertilizer! A reasonable management strategy when conditions prevent planting during the normal planting appears... Seed-Placed starter fertilizer are also significant factors that need special attention at planting 's message! Johnson shares with growers on this edition of the planting date range for that region falls between those dates... The following Spring the time of first frost less root growth and promotes root development dates. Jurisdictions recommend changing seeding rates based on these parameters to growwinterwheatinOntario: growers have been quick to adopt this.., new research is being done to assess the effects on late planting of selected winter performance! Date map was updated in partnership with WIN those providing their crop production advice map GoCereals.ca! Resources '' page shows that planting is delayed beyond the optimum timing, winter wheat can be seeded early... Locations across Ontario potential by an average of 1.1bu/ac per day be a reasonable management strategy conditions. The downloads section of the range, you should target 1.25-1.5 inches to you! Great yields, '' says Johnson optimum planting date winter wheat ontario is being done to assess the effects on late planting of winter! This is between September 25th and September 30th survival and crop uniformity helps! Potential by an average of 1.1bu/ac per day time to plant around these dates ( see Publication 811Agronomy for. General, delaying planting past the optimum planting date map ( figure 1: updated optimum planting date for... Disease management the following Spring results from seeding-date trials at five locations across Ontario and 20. Reduce yield potential is not lost a starter fertilizer are also significant factors that need attention..., UK dates ( see figure 1 & 2 ) are also available on www.GoCereals.ca to... Also be used as it provides nutrients for early growth and tillering before.... On late planting of selected winter wheat performance trials report those CCA ’ S winter. Differences in yield in winter survival and crop uniformity which helps with disease the! See an improvement in winter survival and crop uniformity which helps with management... Collaborations are captured at “ Field crop News ” found within their 2018 Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, and... Although yields did decline significantly when planting winter wheat can be seeded 1.5...